On This Day In History – March 12

Birthdays

  • 1685 George Berkeley, Irish philosopher/bishop of Cloyne

TIH_Berkeley_Mar12

  • 1922 Jack Kerouac, American Beat writer (On the Road, Mexico Blues), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1969)

TIH_Mar12_Kerouac

  • 1932 Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)
  • 1947 Mitt Romney, 70th Republican Governor of Massachusetts and presidential candidate, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1948 James Taylor, vocalist/guitarist (Up on the Roof), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Events

  • 1455 First record of Johannes Gutenberg‘s Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before

TIH_Mar12_Gutenberg

  • 1642 Abel Tasman is the 1st European to sight New Zealand, viewing the north-west coast of the South Island
  • 1664 New Jersey becomes an English colony
  • 1848 2nd Republic established in France
  • 1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • 1917 A German submarine sinks an unarmed US merchant ship, the ‘Algonquin’ on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships
  • 1930 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
  • 1933 FDR conducts his 1st “fireside chat”

TIH_Mar12_FDR

  • 1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
  • 1951 Communist troops driven out of Seoul
  • 1956 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)

TIH_Mar12_Dow

  • 1999 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO
  • 2012 China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade

TIH_Mar12_China

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