Demographics are destiny and increasingly becoming the defining narrative of the global economy. Japan’s aging population is blamed for much of the country’s economic woes. Doomsters predict economic Armageddon as the world goes gray.
We put together a nice data dump for you to decide. We also look at the relationship between investment, the median age of a country, and the IMF’s 2017-20 GDP forecast for the world’s economies.
The 30-30 Club
Just as major league baseball has an elite 30-30 club – where a player hits over 30 home runs and steals over 30 bases in one year – we have constructed our own 30-30 club for the global economy. We filtered countries by median age, those under 30 years; and by investment as percent of GDP, those who averaged over 30 percent of GDP from 2014-2016.
Our 30-30 club, in theory, should experience higher growth than other economies. A younger population equates to a growing labor force, and higher investment should lead to higher productivity growth — both, the secret sauce of a dynamic economy and main factors in traditional growth models. Human capital, or education and training, and innovation, tougher to measure, are also additional necessary factors for dynamic economic growth.
This post is just a cursory analysis that could be the topic of many Ph.D. dissertations. We thought about running some multiple regressions, but you do not pay us enough.
By the way, Mike Trout was the last major league ballplayer to hit over 30 home runs and steal more than 30 bases in 2012.
Let us first have a look at the G20 data for a reference point to compare the later data.
The G20 median age is almost eight years older than the world’s median age. The EU is old. Japan and Germany are the two oldest countries in the world.
The G20 investment to GDP ratio average was around 25 percent for 2014-16 . Median forecasted growth is 1.9 percent for the 2017-2020 period.
Blasé! Except for the outliers, especially India and Indonesia.
The chart shows the relationship between GDP growth and median age. The trend line illustrates that older populations tend to grow slower than younger ones.
Yep. It is a simplistic analysis, other variables should be controlled for, and a better analysis would include multiple multi-variate regressions. Grab your
checkbook blockchain and send us some Bitcoin if you want us to go deeper.
Emerging Markets 30-30 Club
Only 28 out of our 170 country sample made the cut. Both the average and median gwowth forecasts are almost 1 pecennt above the world’s. Not that impressive but we will take it. Saudi. Suriname, and Algeria’s flattish growth really punk the average and median.
It is no surprise that relatively small emerging markets dominate the 30-30 club except for India, Indonesia, and Saudi. Very similar to the fact growth in the equity markets is found in the small cap stocks.
The chart is interesting in that as the median age approaches 30 the deviation from the trend line gets larger. We have to think about that for awhile.
Nevertheless, not a tight fit but still the sign is correct – a negative relationship. Younger countries, even in our 30-30 club, tend to grow faster than older countries.
The World Chart
We threw in the chart of the entire sample. As expected the relationship is much tighter.
Moreover, the converse is true with the world chart: as the median age increases country GDP growth converges at lower levels. Younger economies have a much more broader dispersion of economic performance.
It’s obvious. All other things remaining equal — and they never do — you know where the growth is going to be and where the capital is going to be flowing over the next several years.
Need to nomalize valuations first, however.